15 Amazingly Famous Landmarks in London

By now, you already know I’m a London junkie – from the famous landmarks in London to amazing restaurants and mouthwatering charity shops, I never stray from the city for too long. If you are planning a trip to London soon, you probably have many famous places in London on your hit list. Have you forgotten to add some of the London iconic landmarks though?

I remember being so excited during my first trip to the city that honestly, I was more interested in Soho and the budget shops than the historic landmarks in London. And that’s more than fine. Like many other travel lovers, London is one of my favorite places to visit over and over again and I never get bored of it. That’s why even after living there for almost two years and moving out to Rome, I came back to my favorite London landmarks.

If you’re new to The London Rack, welcome to your BFF guide to London on a budget with free, cheap, and even high-end things to do, see, and eat in London. I talk a lot about the best vegan restaurants in London and the best halal restaurants in London, but there’s a lot more to food to a country (or is there?).

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London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

I love all things budget so you can also find amazing secondhand bookshops in London, charity shops, and things to do in London under £10 here. Do sign up for The London Rack newsletter if you don’t want to miss any of the upcoming affordable goodness in London!

From the Millennium Bridge to Big Ben, from Kyoto Garden to Notting Hill, London has hundreds of hidden spots and places to visit for travelers and locals. I’m about to take your breath away.

London Iconic Landmarks: London Eye

London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

The London Eye is one of my favorite landmarks in London. It always looks brand new, monumental and majestic. This 443-meter tall Ferris wheel is located along the bank of the Thames river. To build this structure, engineers have used parts from all over Europe.

The London consists of 32 air conditioner pods which represent the 32 boroughs of London. I always think that’s pretty cool that people have thought of history and culture to build the most famous landmarks in London. It always has a sense and a meaning, and I love it.

I recommend you book your tickets online using self-service kiosks to avoid waiting in line for hours. It can get pretty busy there because there’s also the Sea Life attraction close by and the Thames river is a meeting point of some cool London famous landmarks like the Tate Britain and the Shakespeare Globe tool. The ride is super smooth – you don’t even feel like you’re going up.

The view at the top is unbeatable. Trust me. You will feel like you are at the top of the world when you’re high up in the London Eye. The iconic skyline of London is mesmerizing, and the feeling of being at the top of the Palace of Westminster and Big Ben is beyond words.

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Famous Landmarks in London: Buckingham Palace

When you wonder what famous landmarks are there in London, Buckingham Palace is definitely a monument that you’ll want to pay a visit to. It’s one of the most visited places among the famous London landmarks. Watching the change of guard every summer and every other day in winter has become a tradition not only for English people but also for bewildered tourists.

Hundreds of guests gathered around to see a glimpse of the life of the royal family. Other than being one of the history landmarks in London, Buckingham Palace is famous for hosting several official and state events as well.

This Palace has become the official residence and workplace of the Monarch in London in 1837. It consists of 775 rooms, including 240 royal guests, staff rooms, 19 staterooms, 90 offices, and 78 bathrooms. The ornate golden fence is known as the victoria gate. 80 foot tall Monument symbolizes the attribute of the late Queen Victoria, including courage, truth, progress, and justice.

I recommend you pay a visit during late summer or early autumn. Get the ticket and view the working heart of the place – Royal Staterooms.

Big Ben and the Palace of Westminster

London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

When you stand along the River Thames, you can spot Big Ben from almost everywhere. I mean, it is the most recognizable landmark of London. We have often seen this famous landmark in our favorite TV shows, movies, and books, from Harry Potter to, well, I can’t remember right now.

Do you know that Big Ben is not the actual name of this famous clock tower? Got surprised? Even I did. Its real name is Elizabeth Tower, and Big Ben is the name of the bell located behind the clock face. Both architectural structures are attached to the Palace of Westminster.

The whole area is very touristic, as such, it’s bustling with people most months of the year. It’s a perfect place for Instagram pictures too, like the colorful houses in Notting Hill. But I’d say there’s not too much to do around Big Ben – walk down the Thames or go around Borough Market if you want to have some cool things to do there.

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London Famous Landmarks: Trafalgar Square

London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

Trafalgar is one of the most historical landmarks in London. It was designed by Sir Charles Barry, who designed the Palace of Westminster and Highclere Castle. This site is located at the center of London and hence the heart of many cultural events celebrating performances and public demonstrations.

That’s a spot that you can take an easy walk from to St. James Park, Buckingham Palace, and Covent Garden. To be honest, it’s one of the places that makes me most happy when I’m in London. There’s the National Portrait Gallery museum towering over Trafalgar Square, another famous landmark in London that’s rich in history. See? Not only Leicester Square and Covent Garden are Londons famous landmarks – there’s much more than restaurants in life (yeah, right).

Famous Monuments in London: Tower Bridge

London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

Mistakenly called “London Bridge,” this defining landmark of London is my favorite place to visit. Especially at night, the view is astonishing. The primary feature of the city was constructed between 1886 and 1894. Till today, this bridge is still used by more than 40,000 people to cross the Thames river.

The entrance cost to visit tower bridge is £9.8 if you book online. If you’re an adventurous person like me, take a glass walkway that is suspended over the bridge.

Many people are unaware that the bridge is lifted daily to allow the ships to pass. If you are interested in photography, this impressive landmark provides you the opportunity to click some of the great shots of London. The little sandy beach by the riverside near Tower Bridge is the perfect place to click the insta-worthy shot.

I remember all the months spent working at The Shard (yes, I was a receptionist in the building) and enjoying the amazing views all around the building. From there, I could see Tower Bridge while walking people to their tables. Such great memories.

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Famous Landmarks London: Tower of London

Originally built-in 1708, the Tower of London has served as a treasury, a defensive fortress, an infamous prison, and a royal residence. Designed by William the Conqueror, the Tower of London is one of the historical landmarks of London with a history of England’s events over the last 1000 years.

It is the place where Queen Elizabeth 1 witnessed her dark days. Guy Fawkes was in custody until he confessed Gunpowder plot. The two young heirs, the obstacle for the Richard lll becoming the king, mysteriously disappeared. This tower is the place of some darkest moments in the history of England.

Some old traditions have still persevered. This includes the popular sight of Yeoman Warders and crown jewels- a symbol of the British monarchy. The tower is also famous for ravens moving freely on the ground and only responding to “The Ravenmaster.” Some people believe that the tower will be destroyed if the ravens ever leave this place. Definitely a London landmark that you can’t miss.

Famous Landmarks London: Westminster Abbey

London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

Westminster Abbey is one of London’s famous architectural landmarks for a reason. Many people visit his place to pay tribute to their favorite artists, poets, explorers, while others come here to admire the beautiful Gothic architecture of this iconic landmark in London.

Famous for having history dated back to 970 AD, this is the resting place of some of the most influential and most figures of centuries. Figures like Charles Dickens, Jane Austen, Geoffrey Chaucer, and Elizabeth I are buried here.

Many people mixed Westminster Abbey with Westminster Palace. Both are different places located side by side, and both are worth a visit in my opinion. Many Royal Weddings, including Queen Elizabeth ll and Prince William, were conducted here. It’s just an amazing place to be around and it’s located near Big Ben, so you can visit both in one go.

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St. Paul’s Cathedral

Built by famous architect Christopher, St. Paul Cathedral weighs 65,000 tons and rises 365 feet above the ground. The structure of the cathedral is the same as it was 300 years ago. It has a massive dome that still dominates the skyline of London.

The latest architectural trends inspire the design of this famous London monument. Despite being surrounded by the modernized city, it is still magnificent for the tourists nowadays as it was for the locals in the 17th century.

Except for its impressive structure, this place has witnessed some popular events throughout history. It includes the wedding ceremony of Prince Charles and Lady Diana, the funeral of Sir Winston Churchill, the witnesses of the end of world war one and two, and the latest Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth.

Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre

Shakespeare’s Globe is located at the south end of the Millenium Bridge. I love this place because the design is as historically accurate to the original as possible. The astonishing fact is that even the material used in the building is of the same type that would be available in the early 16000. Don’t worry about your safety when you go there. Builders have taken all the safety measurements before building this masterpiece.

Shakespeare Globe is an open-air theater, but the tours are offered all throughout the year. The Globe also offers upcoming thespians classes and seminars as well. Even a small museum is dedicated to Shakespeare and his work for art.

Don’t worry about hiring a tour guide. The museum is self-guided with an audio guide. If you’re like me and don’t really like following guided tours, that’s an amazing service. I’m not one to usually take audio guides, but for monuments like this, I feel it’s pretty helpful. Musical instruments and costumes that would have been used in Shakespeare’s days are put on full display so… You’re bound to dream.

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London Famous Museums: British Museum

London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

London is the home of many museums. Most of the London museums are free, and one, the British Museum, should be on your list. British Museum was first open for public in 1759 and has expanded over the years. It has a massive collection of history and art objects collected from all around the world.

The Rosetta Stone, discovered by Napoleon Army in 1799, is one of the most significant artifacts of this museum. This stone unlocks the language of ancient Egyptian culture. I like the area where ancient stone panels from Nineveh were placed on the wall. These panels are dated back to 700 BC. From transportation to battle scenes, a variety of activities from daily life are being put on display.

Moving forward, this museum is a place of many Greek and Roman sculptures. Some of them belong to the ancient temple of the Parthenon, dedicated to the goddess Athena. Most of the antiquities are from ancient times.

Wall carvings and statues that once decorated the outside of Acropolis are found here. Carvings on white marble present Greece’s power. Some statutes are original, while others are recreations. Whatever I say though, the Egyptian part of the museum at the entrance will always be my favorite part to visit.

30 St Mary Axe

London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

Also called “The Gherkin” because of its distinctive shape, this 41-floor Skyscraper can be seen from miles away. It was opened in 2004 and now has become a great example of London’s famous contemporary architecture.

There is not much to talk about this piece of art. It is used as an office building. You may often have been to this place in movies and TV shows because its shape will have made you remember it. To be fair, whether you’re a tourist or a local, I feel like the Gherkin will always have this impressive presence on your mind.

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London Famous Buildings: The Shard

London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

When it comes to London’s modern landmark buildings, The Shard never missed its spot. The piece of giant glass has 95 stories, which makes it the tallest Skyscraper in the UK. This 309 meters tall Skyscraper looks like it is piercing the sky, and because of its unique design, it is labeled as “London’s new emblem.”

The Shard is the best spot to admire the beauty of London. It has some great places for the locals and tourists to admire the structure local landmarks like the Tower of London, The Thames, London Eye and much more. This place offers some of the Europeans highest Chandon bar and moet for the people with a finer taste.

London Famous Buildings: Sky Garden

Sky Garden is located on the 43rd floor of the “Walkie Talkie” building and has become one of London’s best gardens to enjoy nature. From people who want to escape modern life to tourists, a number of people come here to get a fantastic view of London every day.

Don’t forget to prebook your ticket 3 weeks before your visit via their website. The ticket is completely free, but the place gets packed all the time. I recommend grabbing a quick bite from Darwin Brassiere to enjoy while admiring the beauty of Sky Garden or even London’s top view. One of the top London landmarks for anyone who loves to take height.

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Best London Markets: Borough Market

London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

While visiting London, Borough Market is a place worth exploring. It is London’s oldest market offering a wide range of food items waiting for you to taste. This market has almost everything you might need, from coffee to cinnamon buns from Bread Ahead bakery, from fresh truffle oil to juicy meats. The current environmentally friendly structure of the market was built during the 1850s.

For example, Instead of wasting gallons of rainwater, it is collected and used to water plants. Moreover, street vendors worldwide are selling their unique and traditional dishes at every corner of the market.

I always stop at Borough Market to take away food from my favorite street vendors and explore nearby places whenever I am in London. There’s much more street food than you could imagine and you just want to taste everything when you’re there.

Most Beautiful Parks in London: Hyde Park

London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

Hyde Park is one of the most undeniable landmarks of London for tourists and locals. Located right next to Buckingham Palace, this park has many statues and sculptures portraying major historical events, two lakes, flower gardens, and is a home of over 4000 animals. In 1536, Henry the VII acquired this park because of its wide area and turned it into a hunting ground. This park was opened to the public by order of King Charles in 1637.

If you have visited London before, you may know that this city lacks nature beauty and is loaded with concrete structures. Hyde Park is a great break from the artificial world and breath in nature’s arms for nature lovers. I love seeing the birds and the fish there, the ducks and the smooth waters. It’s just a place where I feel good.

Moreover, this park offers a wide range of activities, including festivals, shows, and many other activities for visitors. Hyde Park is the perfect place to release stress after having a bad day. If you walk for some time, you’ll reach Kensington Gardens. It’s linked to Hyde Park and it hosts the amazingly tiny statue of Peter Pan.

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15 Most Famous Landmarks in London

London Landmarks in London - Big Ben London Eye British Museums - Famous Monuments Buildings - Hyde Park - Borough Market Bread Ahead Bakery - Sky Garden The Shard

London is one of the busiest city in the world with many iconic landmarks. This city never sleeps. Even at night, people are heading out towards their favorite stop. In Mile End, in Shoreditch, there are amazing things to do in London. From Historical landmarks to Modern architecture, this city has many places waiting for you to get exploring.

In this travel guide, I have listed a few of the many most favorite places worth seeing. Whether you like modern landmarks or explore historical sites, you’ll discover so many places that will make you dream and feel at home. If you want to see even more cheap non touristy things to do in London, well, you know where to go!

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